Influence of the gut microbiome on inflammatory and immune response after stroke

Researches on the bidirectional communications between the gut microbiota and brain, termed the gut-brain axis, often bring about discoveries and drive the development of medicine and biology for stroke. Following stroke, the gut-brain axis is perturbed significantly on dysbiotic gut microbiome, intestinal dysfunction, enteric nervous system, increased gut permeability, and activated immune cells in the gut, which in turn results in infiltration of pro-inflammatory cells or bacterial toxins into brain tissue through impaired blood-brain barrier (BBB), finally exacerbated brain infarction. Herein, we illuminate the changes in the immune system and highlight the possible mechanisms of the gut microbiota to regulate inflammatory and immune processes in the context of stroke. We conducted a systematic literatures search in PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, and guideline-specific databases until May 2021 using the following key terms: gut microbiota, stroke, immune, and inflammation.
as reported in: Neurol Sci. 2021 Sep 18 [Epub ahead of print]