Successful Endovascular Treatment for Middle Cerebral Artery Occlusion Caused by the Thrombus Formation in the Pulmonary Vein Stump Following Left Upper Lung Lobectomy.

Thrombus formation in the pulmonary vein (PV) stump after lung resection can cause rare cases of cerebral infarction. These infarctions can result in embolism and ischemia in the relatively large intracranial vessels, severely impacting the quality of life (QOL) of these patients. We performed endovascular thrombectomy successfully for this rare complication after lung lobectomy. A 73-year-old woman with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (AF) suffered from sudden left complete hemiplegia 19 days after undergoing a left upper lung lobectomy (LUL). Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed middle cerebral artery occlusion. Her left hemiplegia improved after the endovascular thrombectomy. Cardiogenic embolism was first suspected, but contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CECT) showed thrombus formation in the PV stump. We continued anticoagulant therapy, and the thrombus resolved completely two months after the stroke. Our patient had a relatively good outcome due to the immediate reperfusion of the affected area. This embolic source may be overlooked because AF frequently occurs after thoracic surgeries. Care should be taken during the postoperative phase to avoid overlooking these emboli. All thoracic surgeons should be informed about mechanical thrombectomy as an effective treatment for postoperative cerebral infarction.
as reported in: Shiozaki E, Morofuji Y, Kawahara I, Tagawa T, Tsutsumi K. Cureus. 2021 Aug:13(8):e17150. doi: 10.7759/cureus.17150.